"You came across a custom server that Dr Xernon's company eleCTRic Ltd uses. It seems to be storing some encrypted files. Connect with
nc 2018shell2.picoctf.com 15037. Can you get us the flag?" Source
The title makes a clear reference to AES-CTR. We can see that this mode of AES requires a unique nonce for each encrypted value to remain cryptographically secure. If we look at the problem's source code, we can see that the counter remains constant for all values. This breaks the encryption used and we are able to reveal the keystream and encrypt arbritary data.
class AESCipher(object): def __init__(self): self.bs = 32 random = Random.new() self.key = random.read(AES.block_size) self.ctr = random.read(AES.block_size) def encrypt(self, raw): cipher = AES.new(self.key, AES.MODE_CTR, counter=lambda: self.ctr) return cipher.encrypt(raw).encode('base64').replace('\n', '')